Making your website accessible can be very simple depending on the size and complexity of your site.
What many people are not aware of is there are basically 3 Accessibility and Usability measuring standards that can be used to see how your website measures up.
- W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) Accessibility
- WCAG1 (Web Content Accessibility Guidelines)
- WCAG2 (Web Content Accessibility Guidelines)
These standards measure your website for accessibility for visual, auditory, physical, speech, cognitive, neurological disabilities and age (elderly) just to name a few. They also measure based on the device used from desk top to laptops, mobile and readers. There are several online tools available to access and give you feedback on issues you should address within your websites content and how it is write from a coding stand point.
For example images must have an “alt” tag as most are aware but that “alt” tag must be descriptive enough that would allow someone with a “Reader” to know what that missing image is and the relevance it has to the page content.
If you were featuring a product let’s say a chair on your website, you would not have an “alt” tag that simply says chair. You might write something like “Solid oak dining room chair”, the text should reflect what it means to the content of the page.
These tags help for visually impair people that use a reader that reads the page content or if images are turned off on a mobile device. It is also a benefit to search engines that cannot see the images and work from the text it reads for indexing your website.
If you have links to PDF files on your website these should have a “title” within the link so once someone moves their mouse over the link a small popup displays the title of the PDF document.
Here are a few online tools to measure the accessibility of your website against the WCAG1 & WCAG2 standards.
Do you know if your website will measure up to Accessibility Standards?